As a very small nation Malta has over the past looked very carefully at the way it has been managing its immediate environment. Being a country with a very dense population and pretty much overpopulated, the island has to make do with its limited resources, protecting them to the utmost and ensuring that these do not get overstretched or destroyed.
With regards to the real estate industry, the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure have recently introduced Energy Performance Certificates. The Certificates are very similar to those found on household electrical appliances however the Certificate is to rate the Building. Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) needs to be applied for once a new building is designed. The bar rating will reflect the design and carbon emissions of the building. Public buildings also require an EPC whereas those individuals purchasing or renting a property in Malta also have to apply for an EPC, whether the property is not constructed yet or finished. In cased of rental and sale, the landlord and vendor are generally responsible